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Standard Deduction for 2023 Tax Year

Posted by on March 7, 2024
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Individuals filing their tax returns in 2024 can benefit from a standard tax deduction in fiscal year 2023. Single tax filers are entitled to a standard tax deduction of $13,850, while joint filers can claim $27,700. Heads of household have a standard tax deduction of $20,800 available to them. 2023 Tax Filers who are 65 or older may have a higher standard deduction amount.

When considering ways to reduce your taxable income, the IRS provides two primary options: claiming the standard deduction or itemizing your deductions. Many individuals choose the standard deduction for its simplicity, even though itemizing could be more beneficial depending on individual circumstances.

Let’s begin by exploring the concept of the standard deduction, including who it benefits most and the specific standard deduction figures for the tax years 2023 and 2024. Additionally, we’ll delve into the extra standard deduction figures available for individuals aged 65 and above, along with guidance on computing it for dependents.

Standard Deduction 2023

What is the Standard Deduction?

When it comes to tax deductions, the standard deduction is a fixed amount recognized by the IRS. This deduction is subtracted from your adjusted gross income to reduce your taxable income. Your tax filing status typically determines the level of standard deduction you qualify for.

Among specific individuals, including those who have visual impairments or have reached the age of 65, there is typically a provision for an increased standard deduction, often referred to as an extra standard deduction. Conversely, those who are eligible to be claimed as dependents may receive a reduced standard deduction.

In the realm of tax deductions, the standard deduction is a common benefit accessible to many taxpayers, even in the absence of other qualifying deductions or credits. While the IRS typically allows individuals to claim this deduction without much scrutiny, specific scenarios might render some taxpayers ineligible for this tax benefit.

Consider this scenario: When married couples file their 2023 tax return jointly and have an adjusted gross income (AGI) of $125,000, they qualify for a standard deduction of $27,700. This deduction effectively lowers their taxable income to $97,300 ($125,000 – $27,700).

How the Standard Deduction Works for 2023 Tax Return

When it comes to filing your taxes, you have the choice between claiming the standard tax deduction or itemizing your tax deductions for 2023. Opting for the standard deduction allows you to deduct a set amount without needing to provide evidence to the IRS. On the other hand, itemized deductions provide an alternative method for lowering your taxable income.

Individual expenses permitted by the IRS, known as itemized deductions, serve as a means to reduce your taxable income. Some examples of these expenses are property taxes, specific unreimbursed medical expenses, and business mileage.

Opting for the standard deduction prevents you from claiming deductions on home mortgage interest or accessing specific tax benefits. However, if you choose to itemize your deductions, it is essential to retain all relevant tax deduction documents in case the IRS audits you.

Standard Deduction 2023

In the tax world, the 2023 standard deduction holds different values for various filing statuses. For single tax filers and married individuals filing separately, the deduction stands at $13,850, while it increases to $27,700 for those filing jointly. Heads of household are eligible for a standard deduction of $20,800.

Tax Filing Status 2023 Standard Deduction

  • Single $13,850.
  • Married, filing separately $13,850.
  • Married, filing jointly; qualified widow/er $27,700.
  • Head of household $20,800.

Additional standard tax deduction who is 65 of age or older

Individuals aged 65 and above, as well as those classified as blind according to IRS criteria, are eligible for an extra standard deduction that can be applied on top of their current standard deduction allowance.

The amount of additional tax deduction you qualify for is determined by your filing status and the specific criteria that apply to your situation.

2023 Standard Tax Deduction for Dependents

When submitting your tax return and being claimed as a dependent by another individual, the standard deduction you’re eligible for is based on your earned income. In the upcoming tax year of 2023, the options available to you are a fixed $1,250 or the total of your earned income plus $400. It’s important to keep in mind that if you choose the latter option, the sum cannot surpass the standard deduction allotted for your specific tax filing status.

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